What are Eye Injuries? Eye injuries are common in dogs and greatly vary in severity. Take your dog to the veterinarian immediately upon noticing symptoms, as eye injuries can lead to permanent scarring or blindness. Even if there is a foreign object you can see, do not attempt to treat an eye injury at home without a professional veterinarian. Injuries to the eye can lead to permanent scarring or blindness if penetrating or ulcerative lesions develop.
Eye injuries include foreign bodies, scratches, perforating injuries, chemical, or contact corneal trauma. If your dog’s eye is closed, she is squinting to protect it, or the eyelid is not functioning correctly, it’s a for sure sign of a serious medical emergency.
There are many causes for eye injuries in dogs, but the most common include:
- Altercations with other animals, fighting or playing (commonly cats)
- Vegetation, i.e. running in the woods or digging in brush
- Dangerous projectiles such as fireworks
- Riding in a car with head out the window
Types of Injuries May Be Simple or Complicated
Simple: A simple eye injury is a penetrating or perforating injury to either the cornea (transparent outer layer at the front of the eye) or the sclera (white of the eye). In the case of a penetrating injury, the wound or foreign object pierces the cornea or sclera, while in a perforating injury, the wound or object passes through the cornea or sclera.
Complicated: A complicated eye injury is more serious and involves a perforating injury to the cornea or sclera along with other structures of the dog’s eye. This may include the iris, retina, lens, or eyelid.